A Complete Guide to Training for Functional Strength
When it comes to exercise, the term functional strength gets thrown around quite a lot. It seems to be a thing people always want to improve and build upon to show how strong they really are, and they're definitely not far wrong. Learning what it actually means, however, is more than that. To utilise it to its fullest potential, you need to understand what goes into making it so great.
What Does Functional Strength Mean?
Functional strength is pretty much just that; strength with functionality. It’s the strength that helps us out on a day to day basis in ways that our bodies were designed to move. It comes from a much more primitive side of life, and it’s what makes us all able to move in the way we do. All of that's pretty useful, actually.
Functional strength exercises all have transferable uses to everyday life for most of us, and it’s what helps make us, us. Anything that helps you lift more or makes life easier is generally in the same category, and usually, it all comes from big compound exercises. These are what use multiple muscles in unison to generate that real wold practicality, after all. It's very rare to need an isolated muscle.
Essentially, it’s the strength that lets you actually lift things in real life.
Which exercises Improve it?
If you're looking to improve your own functional strength, then you need to be doing the right stuff. Some of the best exercises that actually use and build functional strength come from some of the biggest lifts you can possible do. That's what makes them so incredibly useful.
The best examples are things like squats, deadlifts, shoulder presses, pull ups, push ups… anything that actually gets you moving most of your body in a way that you would do in day to day life. It sounds silly since you might always feel like that, but take a look at some exercises like machine pec flyes for example; this is nearly impossible to see on a day to day basis. Try to lift a heavy box, however, and you're almost definitely going to see your deadlifts and squats paying off. Get the picture?
What are the benefits of Functional Strength?
So, on top of the obvious benefits of functional strength which are helping you in everyday life, it does also have a few more tricks up its sleeve too. It’s not all about being able to lift big weights after all.
Functional strength means you're much more able to handle daily, life, and as a result, you're less likely to have an injury. It does make sense since objects being too heavy often leads to mishandling, and that's how most accidents happen (especially if you have a laborious job).
Building muscle is bound to happen when you're using big compound exercises, and that's precisely what happens when you want to develop functional strength. Strength and muscle tend to go hand in hand, after all.
Strength and muscle are very different things, and having functional strength is one of the best ways to build both. As your real-world strength increases, it has a direct impact on your training too. It sounds like the exact opposite of everything that we’ve said, but it’s true. It means all of the exercises that you're used to get much easier since you're so much stronger!
Training for Functional Strength
When it comes to training for functional strength improvement, things to get a little more specific to what functional strength actually is. It’s pretty unique in how it plays out, and it really is more of a hybrid of building muscle, building strength and keeping flexibility. It's vital that you can get it right.
Bodyweight & Callisthenics
One of the best ways to help with your training for functional strength is to open up the world of callisthenics. Callisthenics isn't an easy way to exercise by a long shot. Some of the most significant feats of strength in the exercising world come from callisthenics, even without any weights. It's hard to picture, but it's true.
Exercising using your bodyweight is a great way to keep some of the pressure off your joints without having to sacrifice muscle overload, so it’s almost like the perfect blend of all weight training. The exercises all help to boost your flexibility and mobility too, so they are always worth practising.
Low Reps High Weight
Another great way to help you really skyrocket your progress is by using higher weights for fewer reps and sets than you might be used to. This is an example of strength training at it's finest, and as a way to help boost some of the bigger muscles, it's a great one to use.
Compound exercises have a world of benefits as it is and using smaller sets with bigger weights just begs for more power and an increase in functional strength as a whole. Your squats, deadlift, bench presses and upright rows will all really benefit from this one, even if it's only once a month or so that you do it
(Training like this too often will result in a decrease in flexibility over time, so that’s worth noting).
This one is a bit of a wildcard, but since functional strength is the strength that has real-world application, isometric exercise does still have merit in training to improve it. Some exercising, in particular, has much more merit here than others. With the correct use and the right idea, you can definitely help to push your functional strength in the right direction.
One of the best examples of this kind of thing comes from moves like hangs, where although you are not actually moving, you're still having what could be one of the best possible muscle contraction imaginable. As a result, your back, arms, core and forearms, in particular, all come together to make you stronger.
Holds are a lot in the same way similar to hangs, in that the benefit as with all isometric exercises comes from a prolonged contraction to push your limits. L sit holds, wall sits, and even resistance band holds are all prime examples. They show how you need real strength to be able to keep your whole body fixed into place.
The last big point we’ll look at to slingshot your functional strength training comes from plyometric exercises. These are the big explosive exercises you can use to boost strength as much as possible by recruiting the twitch muscle fibres that make up your body rather than the heavy holds. By contracting sharply and rapidly, your muscles launch a massive amount of force in the tiny amount of time, resulting in a big movement.
Putting this into context, clap push ups, box jumps, and medicine ball throws are some of the best examples to use. All of these need you to put a huge force into your motion and pushes something at a high force as a result (like you leaving the floor!)
The Functional Strength Training Workout Plan
To help you take things to the next level completely, we’ve put together an awesome workout plan spanning a huge 12 weeks to help you boost your functional strength more than ever. It's hard, but the exercises involved are all amazingly functional, and you'll see the difference in no time.
Resistance Band Runs 5x10 Seconds
Upright rows 4x8
Medicine Ball Slams 4x10
Bar Hang 45 Seconds x 5
Sled Pushes 5 x 10 Seconds
Kettlebell Swings 4x8
Clap Push Ups 4x10
Wall sits 45 Seconds x 5
Push Press 5x5
Box Jumps 4x10
Pull Ups 4x10
Push Ups 5x20
Hollow Body Hold 45 Seconds x 4
Clean & Jerk 5x5
Before beginning any exercise or nutrition program, consult your physician, doctor or other professional. This is especially important for individuals over the age of 35 or persons with pre-existing health problems. Exercise.co.uk assumes no responsibility for personal injury or property damage sustained using our advice.
If you experience dizziness, nausea, chest pain, or any other abnormal symptoms, stop the workout at once and consult a physician or doctor immediately.